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Causes, Risk Factors, and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease can have devastating consequences for your smile and your oral health. The condition, which results from a buildup of oral bacteria, will cause gum inflammation. Eventually, the soft tissues will start to recede and pull away from your tooth roots. Fortunately, the skilled doctors at Chandler Implants & Periodontics offer complete diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease. Each of our Phoenix, AZ, area offices is equipped with state-of-the-art soft tissue lasers for minimal discomfort gum disease treatment. Our outstanding care can protect both your smile and your overall physical health.

Side-by-side illustration of a normal tooth and periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a gum infection that damages the tissues surrounding the teeth.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis typically causes mild symptoms, such as slight inflammation and sensitivity. In some cases, you may experience minor bleeding when flossing or brushing your teeth. As gingivitis progresses to full periodontitis, however, symptoms will worsen. The following are common signs that you may be suffering from gum disease:

  • More pronounced bleeding
  • Redness
  • Sensitivity
  • Receding gums (you will notice this if your teeth start to look longer than usual)
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss
  • Jawbone recession

Why It Is Important to Treat Periodontal Disease

As you can see, gum disease can have serious consequences for your oral health and the aesthetics of your smile. For this reason alone, it is important to seek treatment for the condition. Additionally, periodontal disease can raise your risk for other health conditions, including heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Though scientists continue to research the connection, many believe that oral bacteria directly contribute to the formation of blood clots.

To protect your smile and overall physical health, we offer a full range of treatments for periodontal disease. If you have gingivitis, you will typically need only a routine cleaning. A deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is more appropriate for moderate gum disease. During this procedure, your periodontist will remove bacteria from under the gum line. He will also smooth your tooth roots so that bacteria cannot gather in the deep grooves. In cases of severe gum disease, your dentist may recommend more comprehensive care. For example, he may surgically remove damaged tissue or perform a gum graft, depending on your needs. We often use soft tissue lasers for minimal discomfort and a very fast healing time.

Contact Us for an Appointment

If you are suffering from the symptoms of gum disease, do not delay your treatment. Contact our office today for the comprehensive care you need.

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As a fellow dental specialist working closely with Dr. Peterson, he is at the top of my list for patient care and surgical skills. He genuinely cares for his patients and wants the best for them.

Dr. Kent Howell